Dash launched January 18, 2014, and it combined the words ‘Digital’ and ‘Cash’. It is originally a fork of Litecoin at launch but after the bug in Litecoin’s code triggered emission issues, Dash refactored the code and forked directly from Bitcoin core removing the Litecoin codebase pieces. This is why Dash with all its sporks turned off remains very much in line with the original vision of Satoshi.
The all-time high Dash price was $1,642.22 in December 2017. Dash shared similarities with Litecoin and Bitcoin because it’s also used to simplify and improve financial transactions with speed, privacy, and decentralization.
Dash introduced Masternodes. You need to own at least 1000 DASH to become a Masternode. These nodes differ from miners, and they perform crucial functions like governance, treasury, and validation of transactions. The reward from mining is split like this: 45% goes to miners, 45% goes to Masternodes, and 10% is invested for network improvements.